- ADONIJAH (Heb. אֲדֹנִיָּה, אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ; "YHWH is my lord"), fourth son of King David by his wife Haggith of Hebron (II Sam. 3:2 ff.; I Chron. 3:1 ff.). I Kings 1:5–6 notes that his father had not disciplined him. After the death of his brothers Amnon, Absalom, and, presumably, Chileab, Adonijah conducted himself as heir apparent (I Kings 1:5–6). When David was on his deathbed, Adonijah attempted to seize power in order to forestall succession by solomon . In this he was supported by such veteran courtiers of David as joab and abiathar , and by many members of the royal family and the courtiers of the tribe of Judah (ibid. 7). Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and others who had risen to prominence more recently, sided with Solomon (ibid. 8). Under Nathan's influence, David ordered that Solomon should be anointed king in his own lifetime, in accordance with his promise to Bath-Sheba (ibid. 10 ff.). At first Solomon took no action against his brother (ibid. 50–53), but after David's death, when Adonijah wished to marry abishag the shunammite , his father's concubine, Solomon correctly interpreted this as a bid for the throne and had him executed (ibid. 2:13 ff.). Other biblical figures of the same name were Adonijah a Levite who, with other Levites, priests, and princes, taught in the cities of Judah during the reign of Jehoshaphat (II Chron. 17:8); and Adonijah, one of the leaders who signed the covenant in the days of Nehemiah (Neh. 10:17). (Encyclopaedia Hebraica) -In the Aggadah Adonijah was one of those who "set their eyes upon that which was not proper for them; what they sought was not granted to them; and what they possessed was taken from them" (Sot. 9b). The biblical verse "and he (Adonijah) was born after Absalom" (I Kings 1:6) is interpreted to mean that, although the two were of different mothers, they are mentioned together since Adonijah acted in the same way as Absalom in rebelling against the king (BB 109b). The extent of his rebellion is illustrated in the aggadic tradition that he even tried the crown on his head (Sanh. 21b) and according to Rashi (loc. cit.), it would not fit. The importance and danger of Adonijah's rebellion is emphasized by the teaching that, although Solomon succeeded to the throne by the law of inheritance, he was ceremoniously anointed in order to counteract Adonijah's claim (Mid. Tan. 106). -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Cogan, I Kings (2000), 164–68.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
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Adonijah — is a man who appears in the Bible; he was the fourth son of David (2 Sam. 3:4).After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and Absalom, he became heir apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a younger brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah,… … Wikipedia
Adonijah — My Lord is Jehovah. 1) The fourth son of David (2 Sam. 3:4). After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and Absalom, he became heir apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a younger brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however, when his… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Adonijah — (fl. 10th cent) Son of David. When David was dying, Adonijah attempted to prevent Solomon from becoming king. But under the influence of Nathan the prophet, David decreed that Solomon should reign after him. When Adonijah desired to marry… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Adonijah — /ad n uy jeuh/, n. a son of David, put to death at the order of Solomon. II Sam. 3:4; I Kings 2:19 25. Also, Douay Bible, Adonias. /ad n uy euhs/. * * * ▪ biblical figure in the Old Testament, the fourth son of David, the natural heir to… … Universalium
Adonijah — Son of David, and his expected successor, but instead Solomon was secretly anointed by the priest Zadok. Adonijah was executed (1 Kgs. 2:25) after Bathsheba had naively made a request on his behalf to Solomon (1 Kgs. 2:13–23) … Dictionary of the Bible
Adonijah — /ad n uy jeuh/, n. a son of David, put to death at the order of Solomon. II Sam. 3:4; I Kings 2:19 25. Also, Douay Bible, Adonias. /ad n uy euhs/ … Useful english dictionary
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